When a tornado strikes, the only thing that can protect you and your family is a sturdy shelter. But what if you could build a shelter that is even more secure? Building a tornado shelter underground is the ultimate in protection. Not only is it out of the direct path of an oncoming tornado, but it is also impervious to flying debris and strong winds. In this article, we’ll show you everything you need to know about how to build a tornado shelter underground. From the materials you’ll need to the tools you’ll use, we’ll make sure you have all the information you need to construct a safe shelter that can withstand the most powerful of storms.
How to Build a Tornado Shelter Underground:
- Choose an area underground where the soil is stable and dry. Make sure the shelter is deep enough to provide an adequate amount of protection.
- Dig a hole large enough for the shelter. Make sure that it is wide enough to fit the family and other supplies.
- Build a frame for the shelter with wood or metal. Make sure the frame is strong enough to withstand the force of a tornado.
- Line the shelter with waterproof material to protect it from water damage. Use reinforced concrete or steel to make the walls of the shelter.
- Install a ventilation system to keep the air fresh. Make sure that the system is not connected to the outside environment.
- Add a power source to provide lighting and electricity. Install a generator or solar panels to provide the power.
- Add supplies such as food, water, blankets, and first aid kits. Make sure to store enough supplies to last for several days.
- Cover the shelter with soil and debris to help protect it from the wind. Make sure to leave an opening for air and light.
How to Build a Tornado Shelter Underground
Building a tornado shelter underground is an important way to protect your family from severe weather. It is also a relatively simple construction project that can be completed in a few steps. Here are the steps to build an underground tornado shelter.
Step 1: Choose the Location
The first step in building an underground tornado shelter is to choose a suitable location. You should select a spot that is away from trees, power lines, and other tall structures that could be toppled in a storm. The location should also be away from large bodies of water that could flood.
Step 2: Dig the Hole
Once you have chosen the location, the next step is to dig the hole. It is important to make sure the hole is at least 8 feet deep to provide adequate protection. You can use a shovel to dig the hole, or you can rent an auger if you need a deeper hole.
Step 3: Line the Hole
The next step is to line the hole with a waterproof material, such as a rubber liner or plastic sheeting. This will help keep the shelter dry and provide an additional layer of protection from the elements.
Step 4: Install the Entrance
Once the hole is lined, the next step is to install the entrance. You can use a pre-made door or build your own. Make sure the door is securely installed and can be opened and closed easily.
Step 5: Install the Stairs
The final step is to install the stairs. You can build your own stairs or purchase a set of pre-made stairs. Make sure the stairs are securely attached to the walls of the shelter and are wide enough to accommodate people entering and exiting the shelter.
Once you have completed all of these steps, your underground tornado shelter will be ready to use. Make sure to keep the shelter stocked with supplies in case of an emergency, and make sure all family members know where the shelter is located and how to access it.
Few Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is a tornado shelter?
A tornado shelter is a protective shelter designed to provide safety for individuals and families during a tornado. Generally, these structures are designed to withstand the high winds, flying debris, and other dangers associated with a tornado. Typically, these shelters are built to be resistant to tornadoes rated as high as F5 on the Fujita scale.
2. What materials are needed to build an underground tornado shelter?
To build an underground tornado shelter, you will need a variety of materials, including concrete, steel reinforcement rods, steel bars, wood, and other building supplies. You will also need tools such as shovels, hammers, saws, and a level. Additionally, you may need waterproofing materials and a generator.
3. What are the steps for constructing an underground tornado shelter?
The steps for constructing an underground tornado shelter include digging a hole deep enough to provide sufficient protection from the winds and debris of a tornado, reinforcing the walls and roof with steel bars and steel reinforcement rods, waterproofing the walls and roof, and then backfilling the walls and roof with concrete. Additionally, you should install a ventilation system, a lighting system, and a generator.
4. What safety precautions should be taken when building an underground tornado shelter?
When building an underground tornado shelter, it is important to take a number of safety precautions. These include wearing protective gear such as gloves, goggles, and a dust mask, using a level to ensure the structure is level, and following all safety regulations in your area. Additionally, you should always use caution when working with tools and hazardous materials.
5. What type of location is best for an underground tornado shelter?
When choosing a location for an underground tornado shelter, it is important to select a spot that is close enough to your home for easy access, yet far enough away from your home to provide adequate protection. Additionally, it is important not to build your shelter in an area that is prone to flooding.
6. How long does it take to build an underground tornado shelter?
The amount of time it takes to build an underground tornado shelter varies greatly depending on the size and complexity of the structure. Generally speaking, it can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks to complete a tornado shelter. Additionally, it is important to factor in any additional time that may be needed to obtain the necessary permits or to hire a professional to help with the construction.
Building an underground tornado shelter is a worthwhile investment that can save lives during a tornado. It is important to research local codes and regulations, as well as to consult a professional engineer or contractor when planning and constructing a shelter. With the right materials and safety measures, you can create an underground shelter that will give you and your family peace of mind during a tornado. So don’t wait, start planning and building your tornado shelter today!